What is an Adverb
So, an adverb is a word or an expression that modifies a verb, adjective, another adverb, determiner, clause, preposition, or sentence. Hence a word that adds more information about the place, time, manner, cause, or the degree to a verb, an adjective, a phrase, or another adverb.
Types of adverbs
Adverb of time
Hence, an adverb that tells us when somebody does something/will do something/has done something, likewise when something happens/will happen/has happened is called an adverb of time.
It answers the question when?
- We have an English class today.
- I shall see you soon.
- I have never eaten this kind of food before.
- You must take this medicine immediately.
- It is better to be early than late.
- I have read this book already.
- You must sleep early so that you can get up early in the morning.
- Ramu said, ‘I shall come tomorrow and we can play then‘.
Adverb of frequency
Adverbs of Frequency are adverbs that answer the question ‘How often/frequently?’. They tell us how often something happens.
- We pay the tax annually.
- The engineer needs to check the machine hourly.
- He usually goes for a checkup on Sunday.
- He comes often late for work.
- We seldom see Raj.
- The doctor suggested taking medicine twice a day.
Adverbs of place
An adverb that tells us where something happens will happen, or has happened is an adverb of place.
An adverb of place answers the question where?
- He was standing outside.
- Come inside-it is raining.
- All students went back to their classrooms.
- You can sit anywhere you like.
- Dard clouds were gathering overhead.
- In the rainy season, one can see greenery everywhere.
- Come here and read it.
- You can see the lion somewhere in this zoo.
- Nowhere in this city will you find such a beautiful garden.
- He lives quite far from the office.
- I would like to sit near a window.
- Why are you going out now?
Adverbs of manner
An adverb that tells us how an action is done will be done, or has been done is called an adverb of manner.
So, It answers the question how?
- He arranged the books neatly on the shelf.
- You have done well in all the matches.
- He laughed happily.
- Why are you walking slowly?
- He was speaking loudly.
- Can you sit quietly, ‘ said the teacher’.
- The wounded lion was walking painfully in the forest.
- You should behave politely.
- He is striving hard to get good marks.
- You must be dressed properly for the party.
- We were waiting eagerly for the play to begin.
- He was late, so he quickly packed his bag and left.
- What is worth doing, is worth doing badly.
Adverbs of Degree
So, the adverbs of degree tell us more about the intensity of the verb in the sentence, in other words, they describe how much, or to what degree.
- almost–She’s almost 30.
- absolutely-You must be absolutely silent or the birds won’t appear.
- awfully*-It’s an awfully (very/completely) long time since we last saw each other.
- badly*-She was badly affected by the events in her childhood.
- barely-She was barely (= only just) 15 when she won her first championship.
- completely-I agree with you completely.
- decidedly-He was decidedly careful about what he told me
- deeply-After 20 years of marriage, they’re still deeply in love.
- enough-Is the water hot enough yet?
- enormously-She worked enormously hard on the project.
- entirely-I admit it was entirely my fault.
- extremely– She’s extremely beautiful.
- fairly-She’s fairly tall.
- far-She doesn’t live far from here.
- fully-Have you fully recovered from your illness?
- greatly-I greatly regrets not having told the truth.
- hardly-He hardly (almost not) ate anything
- highly-A highly paid job
- how-How do we get to the town from here?
- incredibly-Incredibly, no one was hurt in the accident.
- indeed-We live in strange times indeed.
- intensely-This book is intensely personal.
- just-I’ll just finish this, then we can go.
- least-It was the answer she least wanted to hear.
- less-It was less than a mile to the nearest gas station.
- little– There’s only a little further to go.
- most– What’s the most you’ve ever won at poker?
- much-The two schools are much the same.
- nearly-t’s been nearly three months since my last haircut.
- perfectly– They’re perfectly suited.
- positively-Most children respond positively to praise and encouragement.
- practically-She blamed me for practically every mistake in the report.
- pretty* -The house has four bedrooms, so it’s pretty big.
- purely-We made this decision purely for financial reasons.
- quite-The two situations are quite different.
- rather-It’s rather cold today, isn’t it?
- really-He isn’t really angry – he’s just pretending.
- scarcely-I was scarcely able to move my arm after the accident.
- simply-You look simply (= really) beautiful in that dress.
- so– The house is so beautiful.
- somewhat-The resort has changed somewhat over the last few years.
- strongly-They strongly believe their children should make choices for themselves.
- terribly*-I slept terribly last night.
- thoroughly-I thoroughly enjoyed the performance.
- too-I’m too fat.
- totally– I totally agree with you.
- utterly– She was utterly devastated when her husband died.
- very– The situation is very serious.
- virtually– That wine stain on my shirt has virtually (almost) disappeared.
- well– A well-cut suit
An adverb can modify an adjective.
An adverb can modify a verb and an adverb.
Also, an adverb can modify a preposition.
An adverb can modify conjunction and full sentence.
Some important topics:
- What is a verb?
- Non-finite verb infinitive.
- Gerund verb.
- Participle grammar.
- Model verb.
- Use of could.
- May and might.
- Used to.
- Linking verb.
- Transitive and intransitive verb.
- Primary verb.
- Regular and irregular verb.
- Causative verb
- Will and shall.
- Use of other, others, and another.
- In the bed or on the bed.