English vowel sound chart Monophthong & Diphthong

Monophthong (/ˈmɑː.nəf.θɑːŋ/)

a vowel sound in which the tongue stays in one position
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Monophthongs are also called ‘pure vowel sounds’ and they are 12 in number. They include:

1 i: see, Speak, believe

2 ɪ wit, mystic, little

3 e set, meant, bet

4 æ pat, cash, bad

5 ɑ: half, part, father

6 ɒ not, what, cost

7 ɔ: port, caught, all

8 ʊ wood, could, put

9 u: you, music, rude

10 ʌ bus, come, but

11 ɜ: beard, word, fur

12 ə alone, butter

Diphthong (/ˈdɪp.θɑːŋ/) a vowel sound in which the tongue changes position to produce the sound of two vowels

1- /eɪ/: It has a Long A sound: day, may, make, take, table etc.

2- /aɪ/: This type of diphthong is pronounced as a long I sound: sky, My, night, flight, etc.

3- /ɔɪ/: This one is pronounced as a long O sound: Joy, boy, annoy etc.

4- /ɪə/: It is pronounced as a long E sound: pier, hear, clear etc.

5- /eə/: This diphthong is pronounced as a long A sound: beard, hair, fair etc.

6- /aʊ/: Is pronounced as a short A sound: brown, cow, how, etc.

7- /oʊ/: This diphthong is frequently used and only pronounced as a single long O sound: go, so, no, etc.

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