Non-finite verbs

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In this article we will learn about “infinitive”

It is significant to understand the definition and purpose of non-finite verbs. Since the verb parts have already been discussed Hence today we will learn non-finite verbs. There are kinds of non-finite verbs as shown in the below graph. So each one will be discussed individually for a better understanding.

What is infinitive?

Infinitive:-It appears or looks like a verb, so it is a verb but it doesn’t act like a verb. And infinitive always appears with “to”, like to go, to eat, to sleep, to run, and so on. This always remains in the base form. So it doesn’t change its form where the real verb changes its form according to the number and person. To understand it better look at the below examples.

So In the first sentence, the verb “go” becomes “goes” in the second sentence. Because it is obvious that the verb “go” is acting as per the number and persons. With the second person singular number “you” the verb “go” is in its base form. But with the third person singular number “he” verb “goes” is in its verb form five (go, went, gone, going, goes).

On the other side, the verb “buy” (to buy) remains in the same base form irrespective of number or person. So it is clear that infinitive never changes its form according to the number or person. Since its easy to identify the real verb because it stays close to the subject, the infinitive is always far from the subject. Infinitive always remains like a phrasal verb with “to”.

Some more examples:

  • I want to talk to you.
  • He wants to talk to you.
  • They need to complete this work.
  • John needs to complete this work.
  • You need to talk in English.
  • Ramesh needs to talk in English.
  • He is going to take a bath.

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