Noun and Gender

There are four kinds of Noun and gender:

  1. Masculine: A noun that denotes a male like Father, Man, King, boy, horse, hero, prince etc.
  2. Feminine: A noun that denotes a female like mother, woman, queen, girl, mare, heroine, princess etc.
  3. Common: When a word (noun) reveal male and female, like doctor, servant, student, friend etc.
  4. Neuter: A noun that denotes a non-living thing like Book, cloth, gold, house, table etc. (Noun and Gender)

In the case of compound masculine nouns, come changes take place in the first or second words.

MasculineFeminine
Man-servantMaid-servant
Milk-manMilk-maid
Male-doctorFemale-doctor
Land-lordLand-lady
Buck-rabbitDoe-rabbit
PeacockPeahen
WashermanWasherwomen
GrandfatherGrandmother

Formation of feminines of noun. (Noun and Gender)

A number of nouns form their feminine by adding “-ess” to the masculine. Sometimes, spellings may have to be altered slightly before adding the “-ess”.

MasculineFeminineMasculineFeminine
DukeDuchessHunterHuntress
EmperorEmpressLionLioness
GodGoddessPrincePrincess
HeadmasterHeadmistressTigerTigress
HostHostessWaiterWaitress

In a number of cases, no rules are followed, and we have to learn the masculine and feminine forms of the noun. (noun and number)

MasculineFeminineMasculineFeminine
BachelorMaidHorseMare
BoyGirlHusbandWife
BrotherSisterKingQueen
ManWomanBullCow
MonkNunCockHen
ColtFillyFotherMother
SirMadamFoxVixen
SonDaughterUncleAunt
GentlemanLadyWidowerWidow
HeroHeroineWizardWitch

Some sentences relating to using the gender’s pronoun.

  1. The child is asleep, don’t wake it.
  2. If a student works hard, he is sure to succeed.
  3. If a person comes, ask him to wait.
  4. The baby has broken its right leg.
  5. Somebody has killed a snake, it’s lying on the road.
  6. The ship has struck a rock, she is sinking.
  7. India is proud of her scientist.
  8. The team has declared that it will win the match.
  9. I met a (handsome) student, he was studying.
  10. I met a (beautiful) student, she came to my house.
  11. Our cat lost her sense. (pet animal)
  12. Go and find the dog and put him out. (pet animal)
  13. Time himself heals all the wounds. (Personified things)
  14. Death complete his course. (Personified things)
  15. The moon has hidden her fare. (Personified things)

Some important links