Advance and selected vocabularies
1- Mess /mes/ noun (DIRT/UNTIDINESS): Something or someone that is a mess, or is in a mess, looks dirty or untidy.
1 He makes a terrible mess when he’s cooking. 2 Jem’s house is always in a mess. 3- Go and clean up that mess in the kitchen.
4 My hair’s such a mess today!
2- Tangled /ˈtæŋ.ɡəld/ adjective (twisted into an untidy mass) उलझा हुआ
1 Her tangled hair. 2 Your bedclothes are all tangled up. 3 She ran a comb through her tangled hair. (Selected Vocabularies.)
3- Gratitude /ˈɡræt̬.ə.tuːd/ noun (the feeling or quality of being grateful) आभार, कृतज्ञता, धन्यवाद
1 I extend gratitude to my parents for their love and support. 2 Take this as a token of my gratitude for all your help.
4- Comfy /ˈkʌm.fi/ adjective (informal for comfortable) आरामदायक a comfy chair
5- Monk noun /mʌŋk/ a member of a group of religious men who do not marry and usually live together in a monastery साधु, मठवासी, संन्यासी
6- Monastery noun /ˈmɑː.nə.ster.i/ (a building in which monks live and worship) मठ, विहार (Selected Vocabularies.)
7- Fury noun /ˈfjʊr.i/ (extreme anger) 1 She flew into a fury at the suggestion. 2 He was blind with fury. 3 The fury of the crowd was directed towards the police.
8- Furious adjective /ˈfʊr.i.əs/ (extremely angry) गुस्से से आग बबूला होना , बहुत गुस्से में होना 1I was late and he was furious with me.
9- Slumber noun /ˈslʌm.bɚ/ (sleep) नींद, निद्रा, 1 I fell into a gentle slumber. 2 I didn’t want to rouse you from your slumbers. (Selected Vocabularies.)
Advance and selected vocabularies
10- Rouse verb /raʊz/ (to wake someone up or make someone more active or excited) जगाना, उत्तेजित करना
1 He roused himself (from a pleasant daydream) and got back to work. 2 The speaker attempted to rouse the crowd with a cry for action.
11- Soak verb /soʊk/ ( to make something very wet) भिगोना 1 The wind had blown the rain in and soaked the carpet. (Selected Vocabularies.)
12- Stagnant adjective /ˈstæɡ.nənt/ (NOT FLOWING) (of water or air) not flowing or moving, and smelling unpleasant, like a stagnant pond
13- Upbeat adjective /ʌpˈbiːt/ (full of hope, happiness, and good feelings) She was feeling upbeat about her new job.
14- Uplift noun/Verb /ˈʌp.lɪft/ (IMPROVEMENT) improvement of a person’s moral or spiritual condition. 1 His encouragement gave me a hot sense of uplift. 2 Art was created to uplift the mind and the spirit.
15- Boredom noun /ˈbɔːr.dəm/ (the state of being bored) 1Work banishes those three great evils: boredom, vice and poverty. 2 Most teenagers start taking drugs through boredom. 3 A lot of her unhappiness is due to boredom. 4 Unemployment can drive you mad with boredom.
16- Disciple noun /dɪˈsaɪ.pəl/ (a person who believes in the ideas and principles of someone famous and tries to live the way that person does or did) शिष्य, चेला, अनुयायी 1. Budhha told one of his desciple.
17- Stimulate Verb /ˈstɪm.jə.leɪt/ (to encourage something to grow, develop, or become active) 1 The show was intended to stimulate and amuse 2 Good teachers should ask questions that stimulate students to think. उत्तेजित करना, प्रोत्साहित करना, प्रेरित करना (Selected Vocabularies.)
18- Scatter Verb /ˈskæt̬.ɚ/ (to (cause to) move far apart in different directions) 1 The protesters scattered at the sound of gunshots. 2 The soldiers came in and scattered the crowd. बिखराव, फैलाव, तितर-बितर करना
19- Dejected adjective /dɪˈdʒek.tɪd/ (unhappy, disappointed, or without hope) 1 She looked a bit dejected when they told her she didn’t get the job. 2 Everyone has days when they feel dejected or down. 3 They were thoroughly dejected and miserable. (Selected Vocabularies.)
20- Playful adjective /ˈpleɪ.fəl/ (funny and not serious) 1 He was in a playful mood. 2 He gave her a playful punch on the arm.
21- Contentment noun /kənˈtent.mənt/ (happiness and satisfaction, often because you have everything you need) 1 His face wore a look of pure contentment. 2 Happiness consists in contentment. 3 I cannot describe the feeling of contentment that was with me at that time. 4 He has found contentment at last. 5 They finally found contentment in living a simple life. संतोष, (Selected Vocabularies.)
22- Pretty adverb /ˈprɪt̬.i/ (quite, but not extremely) काफ़ी 1. The house has four bedrooms, so it’s pretty big. 2. I’m pretty sure it was her. 3. It’s pretty noisy at night-time. 4 I found his argument pretty convincing.
23- Pretty adjective /ˈprɪt̬.i/ (pleasant to look at, or (especially of girls or women or things relating to them) attractive or pleasant) सुंदर, आकर्षक 1. That’s a pretty hat you’re wearing. 2. She’s got such a pretty daughter. 3. She is by no means pretty. 4 a pretty view
24- Contagious adjective /kənˈteɪ.dʒəs/ (A contagious disease can be caught by touching someone who has the disease or a piece of infected clothing) संक्रामक, छूत की. Keep him out of school until he’s not contagious anymore.
25- Spontaneous adjective /spɑːnˈteɪ.ni.əs/ (NOT PLANNED) happening or done in a natural, often sudden way, without any planning or without being forced. स्वाभाविक, अपने आप 1 I am certain both these statements were spontaneous and genuine. 2 The audience broke into spontaneous applause. 3 a spontaneous performance. (Selected Vocabularies.)
26- Exaggerate verb /ɪɡˈzædʒ.ə.reɪt/ (to make something seem larger, more important, better, or worse than it really is) विस्तृत रूप से वर्णन करना, बात का बतंगड़ बनाना, छोटी सी बात को बढ़ा चढा कर कहना, 1 The threat of attack has been greatly exaggerated. 2 Don’t exaggerate – it wasn’t that expensive. 3 I’m not exaggerating – it was the worst meal I’ve ever eaten in my life
27- Rival noun /ˈraɪ.vəl/ (a person, group, etc. competing with others for the same thing or in the same area) प्रतिद्वंद्वी, विरोधी 1 He beat his closest/nearest rival by 20 marks. 2 Police segregated the two rival camps of protesters. 3 She competed with her rival for a prize. 3 The firm is involved in a legal dispute with a rival company. 4 He always takes advantage of the mistakes made by his rival. (Selected Vocabularies.)
28- Virtue noun /ˈvɝː.tʃuː/ (GOOD MORALS) a good moral quality in a person, or the general quality of being morally good. गुण, सदगूण, सदाचार. 1 Patience is a virtue. 2 Virtue is fairer far than beauty. 3 He who has lost shame is lost to all virtue. (Selected Vocabularies.)
29- Intuition noun /ˌɪn.tuːˈɪʃ.ən/ (knowledge from) an ability to understand or know something immediately based on your feelings rather than facts: सहज-ज्ञान, सहज बोध, अनुभव, अंतर्ज्ञान 1 I can’t explain how I knew – I just had an intuition that you’d been involved in an accident. 2 His intuitions were right. 3 I had an intuition that I would find you.
30- Rite noun /raɪt/ (a usually religious ceremony with) a set of fixed words and actions. संस्कार, अनुष्ठान, धार्मिक उत्सव, आतिथ्यसत्कार, रिवाज 1 funeral/marriage/fertility rite. 2 You have to go through an initiation rite before you become a full member. 3 Alexander wore black for the rite.
31- Vanity noun /ˈvæn.ə.t̬i/ (SELFISH) the fact that you are too interested in your appearance or achievements. घमंड, आपा, अभिमान
1 I think Frank’s vanity is his Achilles’ heel. 2 She described her accomplishment without exaggeration and vanity.
32- Crisp adjective /krɪsp/ (HARD) hard enough to be broken easily. used to describe cooked foods, such as pastry and biscuits, that are well cooked so that they are just dry and hard enough. कुरकुरा, खस्ता, सख्त और ताजा 1 Biscuits will stay crisp if you keep them in an airtight tin. 2 The air was fresh and crisp. 3 The morning air was crisp and cool.
33- Crispness noun /ˈkrɪsp.nəs/ (of fruit or vegetables) the quality of being fresh, firm, and pleasant to eat. करारापन, कुरकुरापन, ताजगी 1 The top of the pie has an amazing crispness to it. 2 The salad had lost its crispness.
34- Hectic adjective /ˈhek.tɪk/ full of activity, or very busy and fast. व्यस्त, चहल फल भरा. 1 a hectic schedule. 2 The past few months have been hectic. 3 I have a hectic schedule for the next few days. 4 I’ve had a pretty hectic day.
35- Elevate verb /ˈel.ə.veɪt/ to raise something or lift something up. to make someone or something more important or to improve something. 1 They want to elevate the status of teachers. 2 Good books may elevate the mind. 3 Emotional stress can elevate blood pressure. (Selected Vocabularies.)
36- Extremely adverb /ɪkˈstriːm.li/ very. 1 They played extremely well. 2 She’s extremely beautiful अत्यंत, निहायत.
37- Stream noun /striːm/ (SMALL RIVER) water that flows naturally along a fixed route formed by a channel cut into rock or ground, usually at ground level. 1 The stream was quite shallow so we were able to walk across it. 2 There has been a steady stream of phone calls from worried customers. 3 I had a constant stream of visitors while I was ill. धारा, प्रवाह, नदी
38- Apprehensive adjective /ˌæp.rəˈhen.sɪv/ feeling worried about something that you are going to do or that is going to happen. भयभीत, आशंका, चिंतित, भयभीत, भययुक्त. 1 I’m very apprehensive about tomorrow’s meeting. 2 I’ve invited a lot of people to the party, but I’m a little apprehensive that no one will come. 3 The young girls were apprehensive about walking home alone in the late evening.
39- Manifest verb /ˈmæn.ə.fest/ to show something clearly, through signs or actions. 1 The workers chose to manifest their dissatisfaction in a series of strikes. 2 You manifest what you believe, not what you want. 3 Their sadness was manifest in their face. प्रकट होना, प्रत्यक्ष, स्पष्ट
40- Exhibit verb /ɪɡˈzɪb.ɪt/ to show something publicly. प्रदर्श, दिखाना 1. In the summer the academy will exhibit several prints that are rarely seen. 2. We have exhibited many of his works at our gallery in recent years. 3. Next week those goods will exhibit in that shop.
41- Integrity noun /ɪnˈteɡ.rə.t̬i/ (HONESTY) the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles that you refuse to change. 1 He is a man of the highest integrity. 2. She questioned his integrity as a councillor. ईमानदारी
42- Trivia noun /ˈtrɪv.i.ə/ details or information that are not important. 1 We spent the whole evening discussing domestic trivia. 2 She was not interested in the trivia of gossip.3 The magazine was full of trivia and gossip. साधारण बात, तुच्छ बातें
43- Yell verb /jel/ to shout something or make a loud noise, usually when you are angry, in pain, or excited. चिल्लाना, शोर मचाना 1 Our neighbors were yelling at each other this morning. 2 The child yelled out in pain.
44- Drawback noun /ˈdrɑː.bæk/ a disadvantage or the negative part of a situation: कमी | 1-One of the drawbacks of living with someone is having to share a bathroom. 2-One of the drawbacks of working for a big company is that you have to follow a lot of rules. 3– It’s a great city-the the only drawback is the weather. 4– The main drawback to it is the cost.
45- Reckless adjective /ˈrek.ləs/ लापरवाह | doing something dangerous and not worrying about the risks and the possible results. 1-He was found guilty of reckless driving.
46- Recklessly Adv /ˈrek.ləs.li/ अंधाधुंध, बेधड़क| in a way that is dangerous and shows that you are not thinking about the risks and possible results of your behavior: 1– She spends her money recklessly. 2– He was charged with speeding and driving recklessly.
47- Bluff verb /blʌf/ दिखावा/झांसा देना to deceive someone by making them think either that you are going to do something when you really have no intention of doing it, or that you have knowledge that you do not really have, or that you are someone else: 1- Is he going to jump or is he only bluffing? 2- The threat was only a bluff
48- Linger verb /ˈlɪŋ.ɡɚ/ ठहराना/ विलंब करना to take a long time to leave or disappear: 1-The family lingers away from the whole summer vacation at a pleasure resort. 2-There’s no time to linger it’ll soon be dark.
49- Dwell verb /dwell/ ध्यान केन्द्रित करना/बसना/समय बिताना/रहना to live in a place or in a particular way: 1- She dwelt in South Africa for ten years. 2- That is not a subject I want to dwell on. 3- We dwell in the country but work in the city. 4- Let’s not dwell on your past mistakes.
50- Baffle verb /ˈbæf.əl/ चकरा देना/ विफल करना to cause someone to be completely unable to understand or explain something: 1-Officials say they’re baffled about the cause of the gas explosion. 2-One of the exam questions baffled me completely. 3- I’m baffled as to why she hasn’t called.
51-Pant verb /pænt/ to breathe quickly and loudly through your mouth, usually because you have been doing something very energetic: 1-He was panting hard after running up the hill. 2-He was panting when he reached the top of the hill. 3-He came in panting for a cup of tea.
52-Despair Verb /dɪˈsper/ निराश होना/ the feeling that there is no hope and that you can do nothing to improve a difficult or worrying situation: 1-Don’t despair! We’ll find a way out!. 2- He gave up the struggle in despair. 3-Defeat after defeat filled us with despair.
53-Obsess Verb /əbˈses/ दिल में घर कर लेना If something or someone obsesses you, or if you obsess about something or someone, you think about it, him, or her all the time: 1- She used to obsess about her weight. 2- Some women obsess about their thighs and stomachs. 3- Do you find that you obsess much about things?
54-Stagnant adjective /ˈstæɡ.nənt/ स्थिर /गतिहीन (of water or air) not flowing or moving, and smelling unpleasant: 1-Few fish survive in the stagnant waters of the lake. 2-Due to low investment, industrial output has remained stagnant.
54-Jeopardize Verb /ˈdʒep.ɚ.daɪz/ जोखिम में डालना/ख़तरे में डालना to put something such as a plan or system in danger of being harmed or damaged: 1- His foolish behavior may jeopardize his whole future. 2- A scandal like this might jeopardize his political career.
56- Mitigate verb /ˈmɪt̬.ə.ɡeɪt/ to make something less harmful, unpleasant, or bad: 1-We have to figure out a way to mitigate the costs. 2-The doctor gave me a prescription to mitigate the pain.
57-Shabby adjective /ˈʃæb.i/ (BAD CONDITION) looking old and in bad condition because of being used for a long time or not being cared for: 1-He wore a shabby old overcoat. 2-Her home is a rented one-bedroom apartment in a shabby part of town. 3-This used to be a shabby house.
58-Flexible adjective /ˈflek.sə.bəl/ (ABLE TO CHANGE) able to change or be changed easily according to the situation: 1- My schedule is flexible – I could arrange to meet with you any day next week.
59- Impart verb /ɪmˈpɑːrt/ बताना/देना to communicate information to someone: 1- to impart the bad news. 2-I was rather quiet as I didn’t feel I had much wisdom to impart on the subject. 2-A teacher’s aim is to impart knowledge. 3- I have no news to impart. 4- Condiments impart flavor to food. (भोजन के लिए मसाला स्वाद प्रदान करता है।)
60- Feasible adjective /ˈfiː.zə.bəl/ संभव Able to be made, done, or achieved: 1-With the extra resources the plan now seems feasible. 2-It’s not feasible to dismiss him.
61- Adapt /əˈdæpt/ अनुकूल बनना/बनाना To change, or to change something, to suit different conditions or uses: 1- Many software companies have adapted popular programs to the new operating system. 2-She knew how to adapt herself. 3- You should adapt yourself to the new class.
62- Slake verb /sleɪk/ प्यास शांत करना/इच्छा शांत करना To satisfy a feeling of being thirsty or of wanting something: 1-I don’t think Dick will ever manage to slake his lust for power. 2-Nothing can slake his anger.
63- Imperative adjective /ɪmˈper.ə.t̬ɪv/ (URGENT) extremely important or urgent: 1-It is imperative that politicians should be good communicators. 2- In business, a prompt reply is imperative. 3- It is imperative that we make a quick decision.
64- Augment -verb /ɑːɡˈment/ to increase the size or value of something by adding something to it: 1. While searching for a way to augment the family income, she began making dolls. 2-The government’s first concern was to augment the army and auxiliary forces. 3- So you’ll want to augment understanding as much as possible.